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Electricity in Southern Africa


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Executive summary of Electricity in Southern Africa

Electricity in Southern Africa - Since 1995 most of the countries of southern Africa have shared a regional electricity system, the Southern African Power Pool, that allows them to exchange power, and maintain greater electricity system stability than would be possible as individual, isolated nations. This goes some way to making up for the limited access to electricity in even the most highly developed of the countries, such as South Africa. According to the South African Development Bank, the average national level of access to electricity in 2009 was only 30%, leaving more than two thirds of the collective population to rely on traditional energy sources, such as fuelwood for heating and cooking.
The countries of southern Africa share much in common. Their peoples share many common ancestors, with individual national identities forged through migrations, invasions, and settlement in the region - across the past two millennia. They share a history of colonisation and exploitation by European settlers from the fifteenth century onwards, creating linguistic, economic, and governmental legacies - that have often persisted after independence. They also share a legacy of under-development, and most have high levels of poverty.
In spite of their shared heritage, there are some sharp differences between the countries too. South Africa is a vast region, the most highly developed in sub-Saharan Africa, with a large economy, nuclear power, and the largest power generation capacity on the continent. Swaziland, which is virtually enclosed by South Africa, is tiny, has a small economy, a miniscule electricity sector, and imports most of its power from its giant neighbour. In addition to such economic   disparities, resources are spread unevenly as well. South Africa relies mainly on coal for its electricity, many of its northern neighbours use hydropower extensively, while Angola has abundant oil and natural gas, and Mozambique has gas, both in addition to hydropower. However, all have solar energy in abundance, and most have good biomass resources.
This report covers twelve countries in Southern Africa, including ten of the twelve members of the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) , as well as the two island nations, Madagascar and Mauritius. A chapter is devoted to each, and provides a detailed profile of the electricity sector in that region, together with an analysis of its outlook and power sector growth potential. Together, the profiles provide a comprehensive source of information about one of the most important and economically attractive regions of Africa.
Key features of this report
• An overview of the electricity market in Southern Africa.
• Power supply data covering production, imports and exports and the main production sources.
• Power demand data by market sector and tariff data.
• An overview of the structure of the electricity sector with government and private sector companies as well as the regulatory status.
• Power demand forecasts and the development of the power sector to meet expected growth.
• Transmission system expansion plans.
Key benefits from reading this report
What are the key energy resources in Southern Africa for power production.
How is the region overcoming the effects of power shortage?
What are the key developments in electricity infrastructure?
Who are the key players in market? 
What are the investment opportunities in the region?
Key market issues in Electricity in Southern Africa
This report is a regional profile, covering:-
Power generation capacity by fuel input
Electricity networks
Current power market trends
Generation growth
Investment opportunities
Future project plans
Key findings of this report
1.Proven oil reserves in Angola were estimated to be 15bn barrels (bbls) in 2013.
2.There are reserves of coal-bed methane, put at 990tn m3.
3.The Lesotho transmission system is restricted to the lowland region of the north west and south west of the country.
4.For the past thirty to forty years, the main source of electric power in Madagascar has been hydropower.
5.The transmission and distribution system in Malawi is based on a backbone of 132kV and 66kV transmission lines that link only the major cities.
6.Electricity production in Mauritius comes both from the state utility CEB and from IPPs.
7.Mozambique’s major electricity export markets are Namibia and Botswana, with small quantities also sold to Lesotho and Zimbabwe.
8.Wind potential in Namibia is significant, with sites already surveyed showing average wind speeds of over 8m/s, and some sites with average wind speeds as high as 15m/s.
9.There is a high solar potential in South Africa. Many areas of the country experience direct irradiance of over 7.0kWh/m2/d, and these areas are often conveniently located for the grid.
10.Tariffs in Swaziland are set by SERA, based on a submission from SEC. For the 2013/2014 financial year, the SEC applied for a tariff increase of 36.5%. However it was granted an average tariff increase of 9.3% by SERA.
11.Proven coal reserves in Zambia are over 30m tonnes.
12.There is major hydropower potential in Zimbabwe. The World Energy Council puts gross theoretical potential energy output at 44TWh/y, and the technically exploitable capacity at 18TWh/y.
Key questions answered by this report
1.How does Southern Africa generate its electricity?
2.What is the status of the regional electricity market?
3.What are the key developments in electricity infrastructure?
4.Who are the key players in market?
5.What are the future prospects for investment in Southern Africa?
Who this report is for
Power utility strategists, energy analysts, research managers, power sector manufacturers, power developers, investors in renewables systems and infrastructure, renewable energy developers, energy/power planning managers, energy/power development managers, governmental organisations, system operators, companies investing in renewable power infrastructure and generation, investment banks, infrastructure developers and investors, intergovernmental lenders, energy security analysts.
Why buy Electricity in Southern Africa
• To utilise in-depth assessment and analysis of the current and future technological and market state of power, carried out by an industry expert with 30 years in the power generation industry.
• Use cutting edge information and data.
• Use the highest level of research carried out. expert analysis to say what is happening in the market and what will happen next.
• Have the 'what if' questions answered.
• Save time and money by having top quality research done for you at a low cost.
Report Details
Report Title
Electricity in Southern Africa
Report Subtitle
Regional profile of power sector, market trends and investment opportunities
Report Code


Publication Date
February 2014
Report Type
Report Size



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